Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security

Before going to discuss Ethical Hacking, we should comprehend

What is Hacking?

The term ‘Programmer’ was presented in the 1960s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to depict specialists who utilized their abilities to re-foster PC frameworks, expanding their proficiency and permitting them to perform multiple tasks.

Presently, the term is utilized for expert software engineers who acquire unapproved admittance to the computer framework by discovering shortcomings or utilizing bugs. For instance, a programmer can make programs to break passwords, enter networks, or even upset organization administrations.

At the beginning of global struggles, psychological oppressor associations financing cyber criminals to break security frameworks, either to bargain public safety highlights or to coerce tremendous sums by infusing Malware and some Criminal offenses and access denying. Bringing about the consistent ascent of cybercrime.

Examples of Online Cybersecurity Threats


Perhaps the most well-known computer security threat, a computer virus is a program written to alter the way a computer operates, without the permission or knowledge of the user. A virus replicates and executes itself, usually doing damage to your computer in the process.

Evaluate the free software, downloads from peer-to-peer file sharing sites, and emails from unknown senders are crucial. Most web browsers today have security settings that can be ramped up for optimum defense against online threats.

Spyware Threats

A serious computer security threat, spyware is any program that monitors your online activities or installs programs without your consent for profit or to capture personal information. We’ve amassed a wealth of knowledge that will help you combat spyware threats and stay safe online.

Hackers and Predators

People, not computers, create computer security threats and malware. Hackers and predators are programmers who victimize others for their own gain by breaking into computer systems to steal, change, or destroy information as a form of cyber-terrorism. These online predators can compromise credit card information, lock you out of your data, and steal your identity.


Masquerading as a trustworthy person or business, phishers attempt to steal sensitive financial or personal information through fraudulent email or instant messages. Phishing attacks are some of the most successful methods for cybercriminals looking to pull off a data breach. Antivirus solutions with identity theft protection can be “taught” to recognize phishing threats in fractions of a second.

An Ethical Hacker exposes vulnerabilities in software to help company owners to fix those security holes before a malicious hacker attack them

What is Hacking?

Hacking is the activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer system or a network to exploit the security to gain access to personal data or business data. An example of computer hacking can be: using a password cracking algorithm to gain access to a computer system. Computers have gotten required to run effective organizations. It isn’t sufficient to have segregated Computer frameworks; they should be arranged to work with correspondence with outer organizations.

Framework hacking implies utilizing PCs to submit false demonstrations like extortion, protection attack, taking corporate/individual information, and so on

Cybercrimes cost millions of dollars. Many organizations located all over the world have to spend a lot of money every year. Businesses need to protect themselves against such kinds of attacks.

There are 3 Types of Hackers

● Black Hat. Black hat hackers are responsible for creating malware, which is frequently used to infiltrate computerized networks and systems.

● White Hat.

● Grey Hat.

Quite possibly the most sought-after position in this field is that of an ethical hacker who deliberately infiltrates organizations and frameworks to discover and fix likely weaknesses. In case you’re hoping to put on your “white hat” and invade frameworks for good, this position can be an extraordinary opportunity

Ethical hacking isn’t hard like Software Engineering, but it is a very technical job. You need to be an expert in Computer programming operating systems and computer networking You will also need a strong understanding of the programming languages like Java Python C C++ and so on

It may be easy to understand attacks, but it’s difficult to get into the mind of cyber criminal offenses.

Ethical Hacking is also called Pen Testing, Intrusion Testing, Red Teaming, or Penetration Testing, is an authorized act of intruding network or system security to find out potential attacks, data breaches, vulnerabilities, or threats in those systems. Ethical hacking aims to test the defenses of an organization’s network and systems by legally breaking into the devices and systems within the organization.

There is no organization or company, system, website, device, or process that is beyond hacking. Their job is to prevent organizational data from Hackers, preventing networks with real-world assessment, monitoring, and defending national security by protecting data from falling into the hands of hackers.

Ethical Hackers are called white hat Hackers because they intend to help rather than harm. Ethical Hackers go through Ethical Hacking preparing as affirmation programs and follow the details of the customers to survey their total weaknesses and dangers. They make ideas for upgrades following a development scoreboard about expected hierarchical dangers.

Undergraduate | Software Engineering | Dharmaraja College Kandy | Sri Lankan